file

file
file1 W2S1 [faıl] n
[Sense: 1-3, 5; Date: 1500-1600; : French; Origin: fil 'thread', from Latin filum (because documents were stored on pieces of string).]
[Sense: 4; Origin: Old English feol]
1.) a set of papers, records etc that contain information about a particular person or subject
file on
Mendoza read over the file on the murders.
The FBI keeps files on former White House employees.
We will keep your details on file (=store them for later use) .
police/case/medical etc file
a copy of the court file
2.) a box or piece of folded card in which you store loose papers
She pulled a blue file from the shelf.
3.) information on a computer that you store under a particular name
Click on the icon to open the file .
You can always save the file into another directory.
files downloaded from the Internet
a plain text file
4.) a metal tool with a rough surface that you rub on something to make it smooth
→↑nail file
5.) a line of people who are standing or walking one behind the other
file of
a file of soldiers marching in step
in file
It was dark as we set off in file.
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
COLLOCATES for sense 3
open a file
close a file
save a file
create a file
delete a file
copy a file
access a file
edit a file (=make changes to it)
download a file (=make a copy of a file on the hard disk of your computer)
text/data/graphics file (=containing text etc)
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
file 2
file2 S3 v
1.) [T]
to keep papers, documents etc in a particular place so that you can find them easily
The contracts are filed alphabetically .
file sth under sth
I looked to see if anything was filed under my name.
file sth away
The handbooks are filed away for future reference.
2.) [T]
to give or send an official report or news story to your employer
The officer left the scene without filing a report.
3.) [I always + adverb/preposition, T] law
to give a document to a court or other organization so that it can be officially recorded and dealt with
file a complaint/lawsuit/petition etc (against sb)
Mr Genoa filed a formal complaint against the department.
file for
The Morrisons have filed for divorce .
Today is the deadline for Americans to file their tax returns .
4.) [I always + adverb/preposition]
if people file somewhere, they walk there in a line
We began to file out into the car park.
The mourners filed past the coffin.
5.) [I always + adverb/preposition, T]
to use a metal or wooden tool to rub something in order to make it smooth
File down the sharp edges.
She sat filing her nails.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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Synonyms:

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  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • filé — filé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • File — Aktuelle Version: 5.01 (30. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Multiplattform Kategorie: Remote Access Lizenz: GPL …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • file — 1 vb filed, fil·ing vt 1 a: to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records esp. as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding filed a tax return a financing… …   Law dictionary

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe[ o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File 13 — is a euphemism for the trash can. The phrase is especially used in the U.S. military, and is less common outside of the United States. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the expression round file or circular file is more common (in reference to …   Wikipedia

  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

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