file1 W2S1 [faıl] n
[Sense: 1-3, 5; Date: 1500-1600; : French; Origin: fil 'thread', from Latin filum (because documents were stored on pieces of string).]
[Sense: 4; Origin: Old English feol]
1.) a set of papers, records etc that contain information about a particular person or subject
file on
Mendoza read over the file on the murders.
The FBI keeps files on former White House employees.
We will keep your details on file (=store them for later use) .
police/case/medical etc file
a copy of the court file
2.) a box or piece of folded card in which you store loose papers
She pulled a blue file from the shelf.
3.) information on a computer that you store under a particular name
Click on the icon to open the file .
You can always save the file into another directory.
files downloaded from the Internet
a plain text file
4.) a metal tool with a rough surface that you rub on something to make it smooth
→↑nail file
5.) a line of people who are standing or walking one behind the other
file of
a file of soldiers marching in step
in file
It was dark as we set off in file.
COLLOCATES for sense 3
open a file
close a file
save a file
create a file
delete a file
copy a file
access a file
edit a file (=make changes to it)
download a file (=make a copy of a file on the hard disk of your computer)
text/data/graphics file (=containing text etc)
file 2
file2 S3 v
1.) [T]
to keep papers, documents etc in a particular place so that you can find them easily
The contracts are filed alphabetically .
file sth under sth
I looked to see if anything was filed under my name.
file sth away
The handbooks are filed away for future reference.
2.) [T]
to give or send an official report or news story to your employer
The officer left the scene without filing a report.
3.) [I always + adverb/preposition, T] law
to give a document to a court or other organization so that it can be officially recorded and dealt with
file a complaint/lawsuit/petition etc (against sb)
Mr Genoa filed a formal complaint against the department.
file for
The Morrisons have filed for divorce .
Today is the deadline for Americans to file their tax returns .
4.) [I always + adverb/preposition]
if people file somewhere, they walk there in a line
We began to file out into the car park.
The mourners filed past the coffin.
5.) [I always + adverb/preposition, T]
to use a metal or wooden tool to rub something in order to make it smooth
File down the sharp edges.
She sat filing her nails.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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